The College of Business, Management and Accountancy (CBMA) extension service conducted a Needs Assessment Survey on July 2014 to know the needs of the two adopted barangays of Colegio de la Purisima Concepcion. A questionnaire was submitted to the Barangay Captains of Lawaan and Jumaguicjic: Hon. Elvis Asis and Hon. Mamerto Caalam respectively. We provided them with choices based on the available knowledge, skills, and facilities of the College of Business, Management and Accountancy.
Dr. Josephine O. Morines, the dean, decided to offer Food and Beverage Services (FBS) Training because the school has an HRM laboratory, function room, mini hotel, and bar. The school coordinated with TESDA for the sharing of resources. CPC CBMA provided transportation and meal allowances while TESDA paid for the facilities, honorarium of trainer, ingredients, etc.
The College of Business, Management and Accountancy (CBMA) extension service conducted a free training on TESDA accredited Food and Beverage Service (FBS) last November 2014-February 2015.
The extension service of the college also extended financial assistance for transportation and meal allowances amounting to forty-four thousand pesos (PhP44, 000). Each of the twenty-two (22) trainees residing in our two adopted barangays received an amount of two thousand pesos (PhP2, 000) each. The counterpart of TESDA, are the Honorarium for the trainer, ingredients, and materials/utensils. The venue of the FBS training was at the CPC HRM Laboratory Room. Classes were hold every Tuesdays and Thursdays from 4-8pm and every Saturday from 8am-5pm. The TESDA-accredited trainer was Prof. Anthony Anoche, an NC II holder and a teacher in the CBMA HRM Department.
Prof. Anthony Anoche, a TESDA-authorized/accredited Food and Beverage Service (FBS) instructor was teaching the beneficiaries. In January 2015, the trainees were required to demonstrate the knowledge they learned in the past two months. This aimed to enhance their skills as required by TESDA. Those who performed poorly were advised to double time in preparation for TESDA’s assessment.
The demonstration was closely observed and supervised by Professor Anthony Anoche. Mistakes in table setting, answering the phone/customer service, serving food and drinks, etc. were corrected. Majority of the trainees showed very good performance. Only three were given intensive training two weeks before the assessment. Since those who failed could not receive a TESDA certificate, average performers were motivated to work harder.
The school gave Two Thousand Pesos (P 2,000) financial assistance to each of the 22 trainees residing in the school’s adopted barangays. It took place one week after their graduation.
Consultation with the DENR-PENRO
A letter dated January 16, 2015 was submitted to the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR-PENRO). The CBMA requested for a total of 250 seedlings and a site for the tree planting activity. Mr. Valentin Talabera, the PENRO of Capiz, suggested a mangrove area since the summer season was approaching. He recommended Barangay Agustin Navarra in the Municipality of Ivisan, Capiz.
The date and time were finalized on March 23, 2015 at 6:00 o’clock in the morning. Planting was ideal early in the morning during low tide. The college allowed us to borrow the bus and the van. The site was 20 kilometers away from the school.
With the aid of volunteers, Forester Nonilon Molina demonstrated to faculty members and students the proper planting of mangrove seedlings. Each teacher/student planted at least two seedlings.
Forester Nonilon Molina gives tips for planting mangroves. He said that planting mangroves is not difficult provided that one observes some basic guidelines. The pre-condition for success is to conduct an initial survey of representative habitats in areas close to the chosen site that should focus on mangrove species (number of trees for each species per hectare), type of substrate, depth of water at high and low tides, salinity of water trapped in mangrove mud at low tide, the ground vegetation and mangrove associate plants. It is evident that the best results will be achieved by replicating the exact species mix determined in those findings.
According to him Red and Black Mangroves are viviparous, so it is recommended to start with those species first. Suitable propagules of the target species can usually be easily collected in adjacent mangals or in areas that are highly representative of the chosen site. Whereas some publications advocate the establishment of nurseries where the seedlings can be germinated before being planted after 8-9 months, this is quite cumbersome and really only necessary for very large projects. Although possible, we do not advocate the collection of wildlings, i.e. small Mangroves that have already started growing elsewhere. Plant growth is highly influenced by local micro-conditions and therefore, re-planting to other sites carries a disproportionate rate of failure. We have been highly successful in keeping propagules in black plastic bags in a shaded area and planting them out as soon as they start developing the first leaves and roots.
Of note, when keeping them damp, we have done so by using small amounts of brackish water which we have collected at the planting site. This has ensured that the plants were subjected to the exact salinity which they would then have to withstand once planted. When planting, we have chosen to plant one seedling per sqm corresponding to 10,000 seedlings per hectare. Sites with substantial wave action may require denser planting. With an average success rate of 70%, it is recommended to collect approximately 50% more propagules than indicated by the size and the conditions of the planting site. The trees need to be regularly maintained for the first two years.
Maintenance consists in removing debris and dead plants, replacing dead and lost plants and removing algae and barnacles. After two years, the plants are generally self-sustaining and can be thinned out where required.
White Mangroves and other Mangrove associates like Beach Pandanus, Pandanus pyriformis and Beach Hibiscus, Hibiscus tiliaceus do not reproduce via propagules and thus are grown conventionally from seeds or cuttings.
These plants grow on drier soil on the fringes of the Mangrove swamp and we strongly recommend having them germinate in plastic bags that contain the exact same soil of the target sites and that are ideally kept lightly shaded and adequately watered at, or in the immediate vicinity of the ultimate planting site.
Planting out should then be effected as soon as the plants appear sufficiently robust; this is for them to adapt to the specific micro-conditions whilst they are still highly flexible. We shall be happy to assist in any way possible but the ultimate responsibility of doing the work will reside with the planters themselves. This is why they are being paid to do so.
Red mangrove propagules last several months to about one year without rooting. They are 6 to 12 inches long, light green when immature and dark green to brown when ready to root. A propagule’s top ends in a sharp point and contain new leaves; a propagule’s bullet-shaped bottom end grows roots. If you store the propagules before planting them, then keep them cool and dry, and don’t allow their top or leaf ends to touch anything because that action prompts rooting. Plant a propagule by putting its bottom end 2 to 3 inches deep in the soil that is covered by shallow, brackish water or salt water. Space multiple propagules 3 to 5 feet apart.
A red mangrove tolerates a number of soil types but grows faster in peat, clay or silt than they do in sand. If the area where you planted propagules has strong wave action, winds or high foot traffic, then protect the plants with strategically placed stones, bricks or wire mesh strips formed into accordion pleats to buffer the seedlings until they root firmly. If you use wire mesh strips, then push each strip’s bottom edges into the soil so the strips won’t wash away.
The amount of salt contained in the water overlying the soil is important for seedling establishment. Red mangroves tolerate a wide range of water salinity, from brackish water, which contains low salt levels, to sea water, which contains more salt. Mangrove propagules are used to the same salinity of water as the water in which the trees that produced them grow. So try to obtain propagules that match the salinity level of the area in which you want to plant them.
If you want to plant red mangrove in a coastal habitat, then place the propagules in a site that receives full-sun exposure. If you want to plant red mangrove in an indoor marine aquarium, then provide the propagules with bright light from daylight-spectrum bulbs. Watering the seedlings isn’t necessary when they are planted in a coastal or marine environment. Red mangroves get all the nutrients they need from the soil and water in which they grow, including an aquarium. So fertilizing them isn’t necessary. If they are aquarium plants, then spray their leaves regularly with fresh water.
The red mangrove (Rhizophora mangle) is a tropical tree that grows in saltwater right on the edge of the ocean. Mangrove tree seeds germinate, split open and grow a 6- to 12-inch-long cylindrical root called a propagule while still attached to the tree. These then fall, stick into the mud and grow. It is easy to replicate this at home and grow a mangrove tree as a houseplant by starting with these seed- like propagules after they have fallen, but before they have sprouted. In nature, propagules can float on the ocean currents for up to a year before landing and sprouting.
The CBMA students planted mangroves as part of their ongoing grassroots training in DENR work ethics and values. More than 250 mangrove seedlings were planted by students from the CBMA in Barangay Agustin Navarra, Municipality of Ivisan, Capiz last March 23, 2015.